Top 5 Biggest Dump Trucks

Trucks are big but when it comes to really big trucks you can’t go past dump trucks. They rule the roost when it comes to overall size, particularly height and weight.

Most can be found working opencast mines around the world where their size is not always apparent – dwarfed by even larger diggers and cranes they might even look small from a distance. But get up close and personal and you really start to appreciate that these trucks are most definitely the heavyweights of the trucking world. Most people can barely reach halfway up a tire wall. With diesel engines that weigh as much as 25,000 pounds and up to 12 turbochargers these aren’t your average suburban shopping trolleys.

But these trucks aren’t big just for the sake of it. In their line of work it’s a necessity. To support payloads of up to 400 tons, these massive haulers have frame widths and depths that are measured in feet, not inches. The gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR – the maximum weight value as specified by the manufacturer) can exceed more than 650 short tons. By the way, short tons are the U.S. ton (2000 lbs) as opposed to the standard British ton (the long ton, which is 2240 lbs).

Here are five of the biggest dump trucks in the world, based on payload carrying capacity.

1 – Caterpillar 797F

Quite possibly the most famous brand in large vehicle construction, the Caterpillar 797F is the big boy on the block and, weighing in at 1.4 million pounds and towering over seven meters into the air, it’s a whole lot of yellow.

  • Payload Capacity: 400 short tons (363 t)
  • Top Speed (Fully Loaded): 42 mph (68 km/h)
  • Curb Weight (GVWR): 1,375,000 lb (623,700 kg)
  • Power: 3,793 hp (2,828 kW)
  • Overall Height: 24 ft 5 in (7.44 m)
  • Overall Length: 49 ft 6 in (15.09 m)
  • Overall Width: 31 ft 3 in (9.53 m)

2 – Liebherr T 282B

Costing up to five million dollars each these giants don’t come cheap but they’re some of the hardest working trucks in the business and can be seen moving tons without breaking a sweat in opencast mines in the U.S., Chile, South Africa and Australia.

  • Payload Capacity: 400 short tons (363 t)
  • Top Speed (Fully Loaded): 40 mph (64 km/h)
  • Curb Weight (GVWR): 1,316,000 lb (596,900 kg)
  • Power: 3,650 horsepower (2,720 kW)
  • Overall Height: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
  • Overall Length: 50 ft 3 in (15.32 m)
  • Overall Width: 29 ft 10 in (9.09 m)

3 – Bucyrus MT6300AC

Actually a Caterpillar in disguise, Bucyrus became a division of Caterpillar in 2011 (previously Bucyrus had acquired the mining equipment division of Terex Corporation, the company that built the original ultra class dump truck (see number 5 on this list).

  • Payload Capacity: 400 short tons (363 t)
  • Top Speed (Fully Loaded): 40 mph (64 km/h)
  • Curb Weight (GVWR): 1,330,000 lb (603,300 kg)
  • Power: 3,750 horsepower (2,800 kW)
  • Overall Height: 26 ft (7.92 m)
  • Overall Length: 51 ft 1 in (15.57 m)
  • Overall Width: 31 ft 10 in (9.70 m)

4 – Komatsu 960E

Komatsu have a large range of dump trucks with several in the ultra-class family but the 960E (also known as the 960E-1) is the biggest.

  • Payload Capacity: 360 short tons (327 t)
  • Top Speed (Fully Loaded): 40 mph (64 km/h)
  • Curb Weight (GVWR): 1,270,000 pounds (580 t)
  • Power: 3,500 horsepower (2,600 kW)
  • Overall Height: 24 ft 2 in (7.37 m)
  • Overall Length: 51 ft 2 in (15.60 m)
  • Overall Width: 30 ft 2 in (9.19 m)

5 – Terex 33-19 “Titan”

While it could be argued that the Titan shouldn’t be on this list since it is out of production (and more well known as a tourist attraction in Sparwood BC) it deserves some respect because of both its age and payload capacity. Initially released to the public in 1974, sales were significantly lower than expected due to a slump in coal mining revenues. Financial concerns aside, physically the truck was a monster, particularly for its time.

  • Payload Capacity: 350 short tons (320 t)
  • Top Speed (Fully Loaded): 29.8 mph (48.0 km/h)
  • Curb Weight (GVWR): 1,209,500 pounds (548.6 t)
  • Power:3,300 horsepower (2,500 kW)
  • Overall Height: 22 ft 7 in (6.88 m)
  • Overall Length: 66 ft 9 in (20.35 m)
  • Overall Width: 25 ft 7 in (7.80 m)

Big but you could still lose one

While these trucks are the ‘silverbacks’ of the truck family and dwarf most other vehicles known to man it is still possible for fleet managers to lose track of them. Used in massive and remote work sites, these trucks can still be left sitting idle, underutilized and wasting money.

You wouldn’t think something that big could go ‘missing’ but without GPS fleet tracking it happens more often than it should.

Mining companies invest millions in these dump trucks – it makes sense to equip them with GPS tracking to monitor and manage their usage with web-based telematics software. Learn more about how oil, gas and mining fleets use telematics to keep their trucks productive and their drivers safe.

  • Jimnewbell

    I really want to experience the operation of this giant truck on the spot. 

  • Vasylko

    check BELAZ 75710. It’s biggest dump truck in the world

  • Steve Mcd

    Not bad I need one of these things to get around. I see no need anymore for sports cars.